If you are looking for a potato latke recipe, you have come to the right place! Confused by all the different “must try” techniques for making crispy potato pancakes? Don’t be – this post provides several alternatives and explains the “why” for each one. Besides, you have eight days of Hanukkah, why not try all the recipes, starting with mine!
Is There Really a “Best” Potato Latke Recipe?
After doing a lot of research, I have concluded that there are as many opinions about the best potato latke recipe as there are viewpoints about how to lose weight. Fortunately, you needn’t waste your breath arguing over what method works best. Just sort through the choices below or jump straight to my recipe at the end of the post. If you can’t decide, there are eight days of Chanukah – try them all.
Potato Latke Recipe Tips and Tricks
Each method and recipe offers at least one key component that makes it work. Below are my summaries of these helpful tips and the links to the recipe posts:
1. The Onion/Potato Ratio:
Many people suggest that it is the magic of the ratio of potato to onion that makes it all just right. In this recipe appearing on the James Beard website, Mitchell Davis says that it is his mother’s ratio of onion to potato (two potatoes, 1 onion) that is key to its success. I don’t personally subscribe to this 2 to 1 ratio, but more fried onion sounds like a pretty good thing, don’t you think?
2. Hand Grating vs Food Processor:
Many potato pancake experts insist you must hand grate your potatoes on a box grater for the ultimate potato flavor and texture for your pancakes. In this Guardian article by Dave Bry, the pros and cons of this heated debate are covered – you decide for yourself. In my view, if hand grating means you won’t bother to make them, then pull out the food processor by all means.
3. Sideways in the Food Processor, Cheesecloth and Reheating:
And then there’s Deb from Smitten Kitchen, who suggests putting the potatoes sideways in the food processor to get the closest approximation to hand grated. She offers two other helpful tips: strain the potato/onion mixture in cheesecloth (rather than a kitchen towel). And most importantly, you can reheat latkes to their crispy state – a true revelation if you are trying to feed a crowd and might actually like to visit with them while they eat your latkes.
4. Temperature of Oil, Squeeze Liquid and Timing of Salt:
And from my good friend Dana of the blog Foodie Goes Healthy, we have her Grandma Shirley’s recipe. Dana also shares many tips and tricks including the crucial element of keeping the oil hot. If you crowd the pan or don’t let the oil reheat between each batch, you will end up with soft pancakes that soak up too much oil. She also reminds us to strain as much liquid out of the potato and onions as you can before mixing in the other ingredients and frying. And one last tip from my friend Cheryl Sternman Rule, be sure to salt them right after you take them out of the pan so the latke and salt become one with each other.
5. Flour or Matzo Meal to Bind your Potato Latke:
Not sure whether to use flour or matzo meal to hold the pancakes together? So many opinions. I like to use matzo meal and in this analysis of the “perfect” potato latke on Epicurious, they draw the same conclusion. It also makes your pancakes Passover ready, if that matters to you. But should you panic if you don’t have matzo meal and have to use flour — NO! Go for it, many latke mavens use flour and serve crispy pancakes year after year.
6. Corn Starch Instead of Flour or Matzo Meal = Gluten Free:
From executive chef Robert Soriano of Bernard’s Market, who is of Tunisian descent, we have the tip of using corn starch which not only helps the latkes crisp up, but provides the added benefit of making them gluten free.
7. Use Starch from the Bottom of the Bowl:
How could I not check out what The Kosher Channel had to say about frying potato latkes? They espouse the use of the starchy liquid that accumulates at the bottom of the bowl after squeezing the juice from the potato/onion mixture. The accumulated starch should help to crisp up the latkes.
8. Use Baking Powder to Make them Lighter:
And last, but certainly not least, from a very thorough post on a barbecue website called Amazing Ribs (really) about the various steps and techniques to achieve latke perfection, we have the use of baking powder to lighten them up. But if you prefer dense, leave it out.
What Oil should you use to Fry your Potato Latkes?
These recipes offer many different suggestions for what oil to use to fry these crispy pancakes – from peanut oil to canola oil to olive oil. And the amounts range from a couple of tablespoons to a depth of 1/8 to 1/4 inch. My potato latke recipe uses canola or vegetable oil, both of which can handle high heat. But more and more information suggests that olive oil can withstand the temperature needed to fry these crispy potato pancakes.
More is Less When it Comes to Oil
The most important advice about the oil is to bring it back to temperature before putting the next batch in.To achieve the crispy exterior, you need hot oil. The temperature should be about 375 degrees or just drop a bit of the batter in to test if it’s hot enough. And don’t be shy with how much you use. The oil creates a heat bath for the latkes to cook in – not enough and they just soak up the oil without getting crispy or cooking throughout. We find that we use less oil to fry our latkes when we put more in the pan and maintain the heat.
Other Dishes to Serve with your Crispy Potato Pancakes
One cannot live on potatoes alone – try some of these other dishes to serve with your new super crispy potato latke recipe:
How to Top your Potato Latkes
The traditional toppings are sour cream and applesauce. Making your own applesauce is really easy. Jenni from the blog Pastry Chef Online has recipes from apple butter to apple sauce. Or try something new! Top your latkes with cranberry sauce. Really. And specifically, try my cranberry orange jam. It is so easy to make, has apple in it, and you can make it for Thanksgiving and just save a jar in the fridge for Hanukkah. (Or make it again!)
Kitchen Tools for Crispy Latkes:
Cheers to a wonderful holiday season, no matter what holiday you are celebrating or how you spell it.
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Crispy Classic Potato Latkes
- 4 pounds russet potatoes peeled and grated by hand or in a food processor
- 2 medium onions grated by hand or in a food processor
- 4 eggs
- ½ tsp baking powder
- ½ cup matzo meal
- ½ teaspoon white pepper
- 1 teaspoon black pepper
- 2 teaspoons kosher salt
- 1/3 cup chopped parsley optional
- oil of choice for frying
- Grate your potatoes and onions. Have a strainer lined with cheesecloth or a towel ready over a large bowl. Squeeze as much of the liquid as possible out of the potato onion mixture. Before you toss that liquid, there should be some potato starch accumulated at the bottom of the liquid. Try to pour off the liquid reserving that potato starch.
- In a separate bowl mix the eggs, baking powder, matzo meal, white and black pepper, salt, and parsley.
- Put the strained potato and onion mixture back in the large bowl with the reserve potato starch (if there was any – don’t worry if there wasn’t). Add in the egg mixture and combine well.
- Have two or three paper towel lined sheet pans ready and the oven preheated to 200 degrees or so to keep cooked latkes warm.
- Heat one or two 10- or 12-inch frying pans on the stove top with a ¼ - ½ inch of oil in them. If you are working alone, I’d say use only one. Heat to about medium to medium high – you don’t want the oil to splatter but you want it to “get excited” when you drop in some latke batter. As Dana of Foodie Goes Healthy suggests – drop in a small amount and test it out. See if it starts to cook vigorously. And cook it through and taste it for flavor. You can adjust seasoning before cooking all of them.
- I like to flatten the batter right after I put it in the pan so it is an even depth and cooks all the way through. So don’t crowd them when you drop the batter in. Give them room to spread and room to cook.
- When they are dark brown on one side, flip them over. When they are nearly burnt, as my friend’s mother would say, take them out and place them on the paper-towel lined sheet pans. If you have a helper, have them salt them immediately. If you do that when they are hot, the salt adheres and they taste so good, your guests will tell you they are the best latkes ever!
- If you are not serving them right away, they will crisp up in a hot oven. Really they will. Don’t stress out trying to make enough latkes for a crowd while the crowd is there.
Serve with sour cream and apple sauce. Or if you are feeling fancy, serve them with crème fraiche and smoked salmon.